Lima: Metro Expansion and Urban Transport Investment
The Ministry of Transport and Communication have provided further details for Line 2 of the cities expanding metro system, while the GTU look to reduce congestion and support urban integration as they tender 9 new transport routes in the south of the city.
Work on the second Metro Line began this month, while the city are already taking steps to ensure effective integration with the proposed Line 3 and Line 4 projects.
The second line of the Metro network in the Peruvian capital Lima will have 35 stations along its 35 kilometer-length, linking the city’s east district of Ate with the most western district of Callao within travel duration of 45 minutes.
Peru’s second-busiest rail system will benefit 2.4 million people and will span 13 districts, namely, Ate Vitarte, Santa Anita, San Luis, El Agustino, La Victoria, Breña, Cercado de Lima, San Miguel, La Perla, Bellavista, Carmen de la Legua and Callao.
The total funding is divided into three separate accounts which includes (1) the investment in the railroad infrastructure and supply of rolling stock funded at US$ 3.86 billion, (2) payment of expropriation, interference and other expenses estimated at US$ 490 million.
Meanwhile, the last item (3) will carry a US$ 1.23 billion investment over the next 18 years to help operate and maintain the 35-km-long railway infrastructure tunnel.
It is expected that the Line 2 project will generate provide Lima with in excess of $25 million dollars of economic benefits over the 35-year concession.
While this is excellent news, Maximixe consultancy believes this will prove insufficient to fully reverse the substantial economic losses resulting from Lima’s huge transport deficit. They estimate that currently $18 billion is lost annually as a result of poor transport infrastructure, while around $50 billion of investment is required for the city to achieve its economic potential.
Future Metro Lines
Of the further four proposed routes, line four is expected to be the first to be completed. Ansaldo STS were awarded the turnkey contract to construct, operate and maintain Line 2 as well as the initial branch of Line 4, which will connect the city to the international airport in Callao. Line 4 is will be completed in conjunction with Line 2 and work should be completed by July 2016.
Once work on Line 2 and Line 4 are underway, focus will move to completing studies and presenting tenders for Line 3. In July this year, President Ollanta Humala indicated that a finalized design, financing, and specifications for rolling stock and technology should be in place towards the end of 2015, with concessionaire tenders expected shortly after. Line 3 will run across the city from the Port of Callao to the Municipality of Ate and the.
Line 5 will connect the coastal neighbourhoods of Miraflores, Barranco and Chorrillos, but only very early preliminary studies have so far been completed. Line 6 is a proposed private initiative which would run for 32km. Initial plans have been presented to the Ministry of Transport and Communication.
Nine new integrated bus routes
According to the GTU (Gerencia de Transporte Urbano or Heads of Land Directorate) nine routes will connect the South to the Line 1 of the Metro easing congestion and reducing the cost for passengers. The routes will travel from Pucusana, Lurin and Pachacamac in the south and passengers will be able to make up to 50% savings on current transport costs.
The tender for this route will close on 3rd November 2014, with 20 consortium already reported to have requested consideration and access to project specifications. The winning bidder must own 60% of the vehicles required for the project, with pre-operation expected to begin at the end of November or the beginning of December.
The total group one fleet will consist of 2,664 vehicles servicing 47 routes. Each package must consist of a minimum of 50 units, which should be 12 buses of 9 meters in length and must have been in operation for less than 3 years.